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Factors Affecting the Quality of Silicone

Views:181     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2020-08-13      Origin:Site


As an environmentally-friendly, non-toxic and harmless product, silicone products are widely used all over the world. The strong market demand has incited the establishment of a large number of factories, which are located in various areas. But do you know what affects the quality of products?

 

1. Viscosity

Scientifically speaking, viscosity refers to the volumetric characteristics of liquid, pseudo-liquid or flow-resistant pseudo-solid matter, that is, the internal friction or internal flow resistance between molecules when it flows under the action of external force. Under normal circumstances, viscosity is directly proportional to hardness.

 

2. Hardness

Hardness refers to the ability of a material to neutralize the force pressed into its surface. Silicone has a shore hardness range of 10 to 80, which gives designers full freedom to choose the required hardness to best achieve specific functions. Various intermediate hardness values can be achieved by mixing silicone with polymer substrates, fillers and additives in different proportions. Similarly, the time and temperature of heating and curing can also change the hardness of the silicone without destroying its other physical properties. That’s is why silicone can be made into various products including silicone kitchenware, and silicone bake mould and silicone baby product. Many people are concerned with baby using silicone product, thinking it is unsafe and probably harmful. However, silicone products are totally toxic-free and safe.

 

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1. Production Process

If silicone products blister, or have dark lines or turn yellow during production, you may consider production process failure.  If temperature used in the mold is not high enough, the product may be soft, and even has color difference, yellowing or the defect on the surface of the mold core or the unevenness invisible to the naked eye , which causes deformation. So during production, try to control the mold temperature, machine pressure, and vulcanization time to reduce product defects. If products such as silicone cake mould or silicone ice mould get deformed, they may not be able to mould a perfect shape.

 

2. Vulcanizing Agent

The vulcanizing agent is divided into high-temperature vulcanizing agent and low-temperature vulcanizing agent. Both have different benefits. When the high-temperature vulcanizing agent is mixed with raw materials, the product will demold faster, and is not easy to yellow. So it is generally used for some products with higher requirements for color, and the price of high-temperature vulcanizing agents is relatively high. Ordinary vulcanizing agent is also widely used. It is often used for industrial accessories and sealing and shock absorption products. The price is relatively low. You can choose different vulcanizing agent according to the hardness and requirements of different products. 

 

3. Raw Materials

Products made with different materials will differ in toughness and pulling strength. Some products must be made with high-strength raw materials, otherwise they won’t mould. Some products must be made of food-grade silicone, otherwise the product may produce odor. So products that we often have contact with such as silicone plate, silicone spoon must be made of food-grade silicone.


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